Captain Jesse Sharpe Barnes of Company F, 4th North Carolina Infantry. Jesse Barnes was born June 18, 1838 in Edgecombe County, North Carolina to Elias and Mahala Emma Sharpe Barnes. At age 18 he enlisted in Company F on May 16, 1861 and was later promoted to Captain. His brother, William Sharpe Barnes, also went to war with Jesse in Co. F.
In the Army of Northern Virginia, they fought throughout the battles of Yorktown and Williamsburg, VA in March 1862. On May 31, 1862 the 4th NC would see their fiercest battle yet at Seven Pines, VA. Here the 4th NC was ordered to attack an artillery battery supported by infantry. The men advanced over muddy ground while under heavy artillery and musketry fire, though Capt. Barnes lead his company into the attack without question. He was well respected by his troops, who would fallow Barnes into any fight. The regiment was the first of their brigade to reach the enemy and managed to overrun the Union position, but not without loss. Capt. Barnes was killed in the attempt, along with many of his men. The 4th NC lost about 54% of its strength at Seven Pines.
Capt. Jesse Barnes’ brother, William, would live through the war, later being promoted to first lieutenant. William Barnes would return home, marry, and move to California, where William was employed as a teacher. William Barnes had 4 children and lived to be 81 years old, but he never forgot his brother Jesse and the men of Company F for the rest of his life.
Photo of Lt. William Barnes: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2011647956/
Another photo of Capt. Jesse Barnes: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2010650225/
-TheDuke

Captain Jesse Sharpe Barnes of Company F, 4th North Carolina Infantry. Jesse Barnes was born June 18, 1838 in Edgecombe County, North Carolina to Elias and Mahala Emma Sharpe Barnes. At age 18 he enlisted in Company F on May 16, 1861 and was later promoted to Captain. His brother, William Sharpe Barnes, also went to war with Jesse in Co. F.

In the Army of Northern Virginia, they fought throughout the battles of Yorktown and Williamsburg, VA in March 1862. On May 31, 1862 the 4th NC would see their fiercest battle yet at Seven Pines, VA. Here the 4th NC was ordered to attack an artillery battery supported by infantry. The men advanced over muddy ground while under heavy artillery and musketry fire, though Capt. Barnes lead his company into the attack without question. He was well respected by his troops, who would fallow Barnes into any fight. The regiment was the first of their brigade to reach the enemy and managed to overrun the Union position, but not without loss. Capt. Barnes was killed in the attempt, along with many of his men. The 4th NC lost about 54% of its strength at Seven Pines.

Capt. Jesse Barnes’ brother, William, would live through the war, later being promoted to first lieutenant. William Barnes would return home, marry, and move to California, where William was employed as a teacher. William Barnes had 4 children and lived to be 81 years old, but he never forgot his brother Jesse and the men of Company F for the rest of his life.

Photo of Lt. William Barnes: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2011647956/

Another photo of Capt. Jesse Barnes: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2010650225/

-TheDuke

Icelandic playwright and novelist Guðmundur Kamban (8 June 1888 – 5 May 1945) was born in Iceland but lived abroad all his adult life. He went to study in Denmark in 1910 and mostly lived there although he lived in New York for two years and London a year. From there he moved to Germany in 1935 but returned to Denmark in 1939 with his Danish wife. A year later Germany occupied Denmark. During the occupation Kamban struggled for money and accepted grants from the Reich, which led to rumors that he collaborated with the enemy. On the day Denmark was officially free of German control, members of the Danish resistance movement shot Kamban dead in front of his wife and children. 
It is still debated if Guðmundur Kamban was just an opportunist who didn’t care where his money came from or if he was in fact a Nazi sympathizer — however there is no doubt that he looked fine as a young man. 

Icelandic playwright and novelist Guðmundur Kamban (8 June 1888 – 5 May 1945) was born in Iceland but lived abroad all his adult life. He went to study in Denmark in 1910 and mostly lived there although he lived in New York for two years and London a year. From there he moved to Germany in 1935 but returned to Denmark in 1939 with his Danish wife. A year later Germany occupied Denmark. During the occupation Kamban struggled for money and accepted grants from the Reich, which led to rumors that he collaborated with the enemy. On the day Denmark was officially free of German control, members of the Danish resistance movement shot Kamban dead in front of his wife and children. 

It is still debated if Guðmundur Kamban was just an opportunist who didn’t care where his money came from or if he was in fact a Nazi sympathizer — however there is no doubt that he looked fine as a young man. 

todaysdocument:

fordlibrarymuseum:

"As a Republic dedicated to liberty and justice for all, this Nation cannot deny equal status to women."

On August 22, 1974, President Ford signed a proclamation designating August 26 as Women’s Equality Day. That date honored the incorporation of the Nineteenth Amendment, which guaranteed women the right to vote, into the Constitution on August 26, 1920.

In the proclamation President Ford noted his previous backing of the Equal Rights Amendment and his intention to continue supporting it. “Today I want to reaffirm my personal commitment to that amendment,” he stated. “The time for ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment has come just as surely as did the time for the 19th Amendment.”

Representatives Yvonne Brathwait Burke (D-Calif), Barbara Jordan (D-Tex), Elizabeth Holtzman (D-NY), Marjorie S. Holt (R-Md), Leonor K. Sullivan (D-Mo), Cardiss Collins (D -Ill), Corinne C. Boggs (D-La), Margaret M. Heckler (R-Mass), Bella S. Abzug (D-NY), Shirley Chisholm (D-NY), Ella T. Grasso (D-Conn), Patricia Schroeder (D-Colo), and Patsy T. Mink (D-Hawaii) attended the signing ceremony held in the Cabinet Room. First Lady Betty Ford and Anne Armstrong, Counsellor to the President, were also present for the signing.

In commemoration of Women’s Equality Day, the National Archives (usnatarchives)  is hosting a discussion in partnership with the Sewall-Belmont House and Museum

Women’s History on the Horizon: The Centennial of Woman Suffrage in 2020 

Tuesday, August 26, at 7 p.m. at the William G. McGowan Theatre

Can’t make it? The discussion will be streamed at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2t48I3j004.

Colonel Gail S. “Hal” Halvorsen (born October 10, 1920) is a retired career officer and command pilot in the United States Air Force known as the original Candy Bomber or the “Rosinenbomber” in Germany. He was born in Salt Lake City, Utah. He is best known for piloting C-47s and C-54s during the Berlin airlift (also known as “Operation Vittles”) during 1948–1949.

Shortly before landing at the Berlin Tempelhof Airport in the American sector of Berlin, Halvorsen would drop candy attached to parachutes to children below. This action, which was dubbed Operation Little Vittles and sparked similar efforts by other crews, was the source of the popular name for the pilots — the candy bombers. Halvorsen wanted to help raise the morale of the children during the time of uncertainty and privation.

Halvorsen started by giving a few treats to children watching the planes from outside the Tempelhof base. Wanting to give more, he promised to drop more candy from his plane the next day. Because the planes would arrive nearly every three minutes, the children naturally couldn’t distinguish his aircraft from the others. However, Halvorsen promised to wiggle the wings to identify himself, which led to his nickname “Onkel Wackelflügel” (“Uncle Wiggle Wings”). The other American candy bombers became known as the Rosinenbomber (Raisin Bombers). 

The operation was soon noticed by the press and gained widespread attention. A wave of public support led to donations which enabled Halvorsen and his crew to drop 850 pounds of candy. By the end of the airlift, around 25 plane crews had dropped 23 tons of chocolate, chewing gum, and other candies over various places in Berlin. 

Halvorsen’s actions as the original candy bomber had a substantial impact on the postwar perception of Americans in Germany and are still pointed to as a symbol of German-American relations.

armenianhighland:

Վիլյամ ՍարոյանWilliam Saroyan
William Saroyan was an Armenian dramatist and writer. He is recognized as “one of the most prominent literary figures of the mid-20th century Stephen Fry describes Saroyan as “one of the most underrated writers of the century.” Fry suggests that “he takes his place naturally alongside Hemingway, Steinbeck and Faulkner.”
In 1979, William Saroyan was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.
He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1940, and in 1943 won the Academy Award for Best Story for the film adaptation of his novel The Human Comedy
His writings were greatly influenced by his Armenian heritage and the Armenian community in California, especially Fresno, where he was born and raised. Saroyan wrote extensively about the Armenian life in California. 
He was born 1908 in Fresno, California, to Armenak and Takoohi Saroyan, both ethnic Armenians who fled from the Ottoman Empire. His father was a priest in the Armenian Apostolic Church but died when Saroyan was about three years old. Saroyan was put in an orphanage togheter with the rest of his siblings untill his mother found a job five years later.
Influenced by his late father’s writings, Saroyan was eager to become an author himself. At first he wrote under the pseudonym Sirak Goryan for various publications such as the Armenian  Hairenik newspaper. His career saw a breakthrough in 1934 with ‘The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze’ about a writer during the depression era. He served in the US army during World War II yet his novel ‘The Adventures of Wesley Jackson’ almost got him into trouble for advocating pacifism. He moved to Paris in the 1950s, where he spent most of his money drinking and gambling. He also travelled throughout Europe and the USSR. Spending much time in Armenia. His optimistic and impressionistic style of writing went on to be known as ‘Saroyanesque’. Some of his best known work are My Heart’s in the Highlands (1939), The Time of Your Life (1939), The Human Comedy (1943), My Name is Aram (1940) etc.The Saroyanesque style explores a very unique style of storytelling, one that does not necessitate conflict for engaging drama or prose. 
Saroyan has several statues, streets and theaters named after him around the world but mostly in the United States and Armenia.
Saroyan has two children, Aram, who later also became a writer, and Lucy, who went on to be an actress. He died in 1981 in Fresno at the age of 72. He was cremated and his ashes were buried in California whilst his heart was buried in Armenia.
“The greatest happiness you can have is knowing that you do not necessarily require happiness.” 
― William Saroyan, My Heart’s in the Highlands

armenianhighland:

Վիլյամ Սարոյան
William Saroyan

William Saroyan was an Armenian dramatist and writer. He is recognized as “one of the most prominent literary figures of the mid-20th century Stephen Fry describes Saroyan as “one of the most underrated writers of the century.” Fry suggests that “he takes his place naturally alongside Hemingway, Steinbeck and Faulkner.

In 1979, William Saroyan was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.

He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1940, and in 1943 won the Academy Award for Best Story for the film adaptation of his novel The Human Comedy

His writings were greatly influenced by his Armenian heritage and the Armenian community in California, especially Fresno, where he was born and raised. Saroyan wrote extensively about the Armenian life in California. 

He was born 1908 in Fresno, California, to Armenak and Takoohi Saroyan, both ethnic Armenians who fled from the Ottoman Empire. His father was a priest in the Armenian Apostolic Church but died when Saroyan was about three years old. Saroyan was put in an orphanage togheter with the rest of his siblings untill his mother found a job five years later.

Influenced by his late father’s writings, Saroyan was eager to become an author himself. At first he wrote under the pseudonym Sirak Goryan for various publications such as the Armenian  Hairenik newspaper. His career saw a breakthrough in 1934 with ‘The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze’ about a writer during the depression era. He served in the US army during World War II yet his novel ‘The Adventures of Wesley Jackson’ almost got him into trouble for advocating pacifism. He moved to Paris in the 1950s, where he spent most of his money drinking and gambling. He also travelled throughout Europe and the USSR. Spending much time in Armenia. His optimistic and impressionistic style of writing went on to be known as ‘Saroyanesque’. Some of his best known work are My Heart’s in the Highlands (1939), The Time of Your Life (1939), The Human Comedy (1943), My Name is Aram (1940) etc.The Saroyanesque style explores a very unique style of storytelling, one that does not necessitate conflict for engaging drama or prose. 

Saroyan has several statues, streets and theaters named after him around the world but mostly in the United States and Armenia.

Saroyan has two children, Aram, who later also became a writer, and Lucy, who went on to be an actress. He died in 1981 in Fresno at the age of 72. He was cremated and his ashes were buried in California whilst his heart was buried in Armenia.


“The greatest happiness you can have is knowing that you do not necessarily require happiness.” 

― William Saroyan, My Heart’s in the Highlands

armenianhighland:

Սուրբ Հռիփսիմէ
Saint Hripsime

Armenian saint venerated in the Armenian Apostolic Church, Roman Catholic Church, Ethiopian Orthodox Church and others, She and her companions are venerated as amongst one of the first Christian martyrs of Armenia.

Hripsime was born in Rome in ca. 280 A.D and belonged the community of virgins led under the leadership of Saint Gaiane. As she was known to be very beautiful she attracted the attention of the Roman Emperor Diocletian. To avoid the emperor she and her community fled Rome first going to Alexandria before settling in Armenia, Vagharshapat.

It did not take a long time before Saint Hripsime was noticed by the king Tiridates III of Armenia, Two different historical accounts are given about what followed after. One story says Hripsime was burned alive for rejecting the king and Saint Gaiane was put to death togheter with everyone else in the community by Armenian soldiers. Only Saint Nune who later fled to the Kingdom Of Iberia and later became one of the biggest figures in the Georgian Orthodox Church where she is called Saint Nino.

The other version says that the Roman Emperor Diocletian sent a letter to Tiridates telling him about Saint Hripsimes beauty and that she fled to Armenia. The kings servants tracked her down and found her among her companies where they are described as “nuns”. When she was urged to obey the kings wishes. Hripsime responded she could not marry him as she was betrothed to Jesus Christ, As were the other women. As she said this, a voice from heaven was heard saying “Be brave and fear not, I am with you”

Upon hearing her answer The king of Armenia ordered that Hripsime to be tortured, her tounge was cut out and she was blindfolded before being killed and later her body was desecrated and thrown to wild beasts. Gaiane and two other nuns gave themselves over to similar treatment before being beheaded. The rest of the community was put to the sword and their bodies thrown to the beasts to be eaten. 

According to the story, immediately after their actions the soldiers of Tiridates were beset by devils and began to act like wild animals, running through the forests, gnawing at themselves, and tearing their clothes.The legend states that the King was turned into a wild pig for his actions. These different stories are most likely to be fictionalized and romanticized, One thing certain about Hrhipsime’s story is that she and her companions were, in fact, martyred in Armenia in about 290 AD.

Saint Hripsimé Church Սուրբ Հռիփսիմե եկեղեցի is one of the oldest surviving churches in the world and a UNESCO world heritage site built in her honour in 618, and contains her tomb in the catacombs beneath the Church. She remains one of the most influential women of the Armenian Apostolic Church, She sparked a fire that burned away the remaning pagan Armenia and a few years after her death Armenia became the first christian nation on earth.

Ethiopian Orthodox christians call her Arsema. There are three churches in ethiopia named after her
There are also many old paintings portraying how she was killed by Tiridates III (named as Dirtados by Ethiopians) and how the cruel king was changed into a bear after killing her. There is annual pilgrimage by Ethiopian Christians to this church in January. There are also Christian songs that praise her name. The book entitled Gedle Arsema meaning “The Life of Arsema” is found almost in every spiritual bookshop throughout Ethiopia.

A message from armenianhighland
Hello, I just want to tell you that I am amazed by your blog! Really cool material and I am happy yo see a fellow history type blog succsed as well as you! Would you consider promoting me? I've had a hard time lately on Tumblr.. If you can of course!

WELL GOSH thank you so much for the kind words! Happy to promote you, your blog is quite gorgeous and interesting! Will probably reblog a few posts from it as well; keep it up!

A short film by Errolivio about Lady Jane Grey, the Tudor Nine Days Queen! Thanks so much for sharing, Samuel! 

I can’t be the only one who has a crush on the father of modern zionism, Theodor Herzl. 
Just look at this mother fucker staring at you in this judgmental, sassy way as if wanting to say “no fucks given”. 
Also the beard. Majestic.

I can’t be the only one who has a crush on the father of modern zionism, Theodor Herzl. 

Just look at this mother fucker staring at you in this judgmental, sassy way as if wanting to say “no fucks given”. 

Also the beard. Majestic.

Franz Kafka, working a bowler hat.

Franz Kafka, working a bowler hat.